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The United States Naval War College holds distinction as the oldest continuing institution of its type in the world. Located in Newport, Rhode Island, the Naval War College was established in 1884 to provide professional study programs for naval officers. The College took shape according to the vision and ideals of its founder, Admiral Stephen B. Luce, who noticed the lack of higher education and adequate training in key professional areas for Navy personnel.
Before the Naval War College, education and training in the United States Navy revolved around the technology and science of weaponry; no institution provided in-depth study of the topic of war itself. The Naval War College was the first to center on the study of how wars begin and end, how they are fought, and what measures can be taken to prevent them. In designing the original curriculum for the College, Admiral Luce established a fundamental approach to building a sociopolitical understanding of war and its various mechanisms. The Naval War College taught courses concerning government management, finance, international relations, grand strategy, and campaign tactics. Luce added war-gaming to the college’s curriculum as an analytical tool for linking political and military issues with advancing naval technology. Along with the College’s curriculum, Admiral Luce decided to include civilian academics on the faculty, a practice that endures today.
The College began accepting students from foreign navies in 1894, beginning the current variety of international programs presently available through the school. The Naval War College contributed strongly to operational naval doctrine in the 20th century and to a movement that brought about the chief of naval operations position in 1915. Adding a chief of naval operations with a ground-based staff provided a level of uniform professionalism not previously available.
About the Author
Robert Claypool is a retired United States Marine Corps Colonel and alumnus of the Naval War College.
A practicing dentist for more than 15 years, Lana Rozenberg, DDS, treats patients at her Dental Day Spa in Manhattan. Dr. Rozenberg remains a popular choice for patients in the area because of her unique approach toward dental care. Understanding the importance of a calming environment, Lana Rozenberg, DDS, decorates her office with dim lights, aromatherapy candles, and fresh flowers. Further heightening the ambiance, Dr. Rozenberg provides each patient with hot tea and a eucalyptus-and-cinnamon-infused heated neck wrap. In the examination room, these luxuries continue, as each chair contains a massage pad, and those undergoing lengthier treatments can watch movies. This spa-like atmosphere allows for a tranquil experience throughout the appointment.
Those who receive regular check-ups from Dr. Rozenberg benefit from these offerings while highly trained oral care professionals take care of routine procedures such as cleanings. The first step of a cleaning involves removing plaque, stains, and tartar from the teeth. Eliminating plaque serves as one of the most crucial elements of dental care, as the bacteria in plaque destroys the enamel and causes tooth decay. Afterward, hygienists teach proper brushing and flossing techniques so that patients can keep their teeth healthy at home. If the patient requires more extensive work, a hygienist may take X-rays to assist with a more thorough examination of the tooth root, jawbone, and other areas of the mouth.
Beyond general dentistry, Dr. Rozenberg performs a myriad of other services in the realms of restorative and cosmetic dentistry. Porcelain and resin fillings, crowns, Zoom! teeth whitening, dental implants, and rejuvenating smile lifts account for some of the options available at her office. To make an appointment with Lana Rozenberg, DDS, call (212) 265-7724 or visit www.rozenbergdds.com.
Becoming a Marine invariably proves grueling and trying, but also one of the most rewarding experiences. Most recruits begin training either in South Carolina at the branch’s boot camp on Parris Island or at the Marine Corps Recruit Depot in San Diego. Training requires 12 weeks and an unusual level of commitment and athleticism. In fact, many claim that Marine boot camp is more difficult than those of other American armed services and most international ones. The Drill Instructors instill Marine values in recruits while testing and developing individual skills. Virtually all trainees initially hate their drill instructors, which serves as the basis for developing lifelong relationships. Eventually, Marines come to view their Drill Instructors with the utmost respect, grateful for the growth they underwent in only a few months. Unlike other military branches, Marines train in a number of different fields such as marksmanship, regardless of their eventual position. Marine doctrine holds that all members of the branch must possess advanced rifle skills (every Marine a rifleman).
Recruits should be in good physical condition before they even enlist with the Marine Corps. Shortly after arriving at boot camp they must meet this minimum requirement: men must run 1.5 miles in less than 13 minutes, do 44 crunches in a row, and perform at least two full pull-ups. Women have 15 minutes for the run and may opt for a 12-second flexed-arm hang in lieu of pull-ups. Those unable to meet these cut-offs must enroll in remedial training, which quickly gets recruits into the physical condition necessary for training. After boot camp, Marines enjoy a ten-day leave before pursuing additional training, which depends on their specific career track. Many tracks have prerequisites or restrictions that Marines should thoroughly research before enlisting. After graduation from these programs, Marines travel to a specific base or airfield. While the branch weighs personal preferences in these decisions, the final assignment ultimately depends on the Corps’ needs.
Individuals ultimately aiming to become officers may apply directly to the Officer Candidates School, which provides an officer’s commission upon completion of the challenging program. Other may want to look into the Naval Academy, which provides a four-year traditional undergraduate program coupled with intensive training. Graduates may join the Marine Corps as officers.
About the Author
With a background in strategic and operational planning, resource management, and defense acquisition, Colonel Robert Claypool acts as Director of Marine Aviation Weapons Systems Requirements. In this role, he advises other senior executives while managing the aircraft and aviation weapons systems of the United States Marine Corps. Colonel Robert Claypool graduated from the Naval Academy with a degree in engineering and subsequently earned a Master of Arts in National Security and Strategic Studies from the United States Naval War College.